Information about Head Lice and Head Lice Symptoms
What is head lice?
Lice are small brown or grey or brown that are parasites which feed themselves through sucking people’s blood. Besides there, nits are laid by lice. They cause pediculosis to people. It is mostly children under 11 who are infested with lice. Despite the prevailing opinion that those who lack essential hygiene opportunities, such people as the poor and beggars, tend to have lice, these parasites prefer living on clean people as it is easier to access their skin and hear. One of the two types of lice is head lice, infestation with which children camps, daycare centers, schools and similar places with large numbers of children typically experience.
How Head Lice Spread?
Lice get transmitted very easily using articles of personal use like hairbrushes, hats, and clothing though they can’t jump or fly. Although lice hide in hair and are difficult to find, the problem is not that difficult to recognize when one is aware of head lice symptoms. They are as follows: Undoubtfully, the most common symptom that everyone knows about is intense itching. It is caused by salvia injected by lice during feeding. As a result, you can find red bumps on the scalp, and they itch.
Head Lice Symptoms
Nevertheless, these head lice symptoms are not universal as it may appear only three months after a child has got infested. Tiny nits can be found at the hair roots, mostly behind one’s ears or neck. They resemble dandruff, but unlike dandruff, they are hard to brush out of hair because lice eggs are stuck to hair with the help of a particular substance.
Adult lice are easier found on the scalp but they are tiny (about 1/8 inch), so one needs to look at the hair roots in bright light. Some people also feel when lice are moving in their hair, especially at night when they become more active. As soon as one recognizes these symptoms of lice, he or she should consult the specialist for immediate treatment because not only it is annoying and unpleasant to have lice, but also they can cause side effects and transmit some infections. You can also use a nonprescription shampoo or some home remedies, but lice are not what should be treated carelessly.
The most apparent head lice symptoms are itching and scratching, caused by lice’s bites. However, some people don’t experience these signs; instead, they may feel like something is moving over their head. So, after suffering from any similar symptoms, you should start investigating the head looking for lice. But if you don’t know what lice look like, how can you identify it?
There are three forms of lice: nits, nymphs, and adult lice. Note that in the early stages of the disease there may be no adult lice, that’s why you should know what nits and nymphs look like. Let’s consider them one by one.
What does nit look like?
Nits are eggs of lice. Nits are difficult to detect as they may look like dandruff or just some dust. That’s why you should look for it thoroughly and under proper lighting. Nits are oval in shapes, about 0.8 mm in length, yellowish, white or tan. The main sigh that can help you to distinguish it from dandruff is that nits are challenging to detach from a hair.
What does nymph look like?
Nymphs are young lice, that’s why they look like adult lice but are much smaller in size so that you may confuse them with more. Nymphs become adult lice in about one or two weeks.
How do lice look like?
Even though adult louse is larger than nit and nymph, it is not easy to identify it. The reason is that it moves very quickly so you may even not notice in which direction it disappears. Still, if you find something resembling lice, remember several lice’s features:
- lice are usually grayish or tan in color;
- they fave elongated, flattened body;
- lice have no wings, but have 6 legs;
- lice are about a sesame seed size (1-4 mm long).
It’s recommended to look for lice or tin in wet hair with a fine-tooth comb by separating hair and investigating each part thoroughly. It’s better to look for lice signs near the scalp, behind the ears and on the nape. And don’t forget about proper lighting.
If you have lice, don’t panic, consult your doctor and he’ll subscribe you the medicine. All other members of your family should be investigated as well, even if they don’t have head lice symptoms. The good news is that lice are natural to cure nowadays and the treatment doesn’t require much time, so after a couple of days, you will get rid of them.
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